Research Projects New Testament Studies

Passion and Resurrection of Jesus

The project addresses the central Kerygma of the New Testament message of death and resurrection of Jesus. At it’s foreground are the synchron and theological analyses especially of the passion- and easter traditions. The project findings shall be published as a monograph by the Project Supervisors.

Project Supervisors:

O. Univ.-Prof. Dr. Roman Kühschelm

Ao. Univ.-Prof. Dr. Martin Stowasser

 

 

Judges of Christ

Jesus‘ trial still raises many historical questions and researching on it is overshadowed by the antijudaism of early Christian sources. The four people that, according to the sources, questioned Jesus of Nazaret during the trial play an important role when it comes to Jesus’ Trial. The project asks who they were, if and if yes in which form Jesus stood across from them as well as which intention guided their actions. More aspects to these questions should bring an important detailed diagnosis to the overall issue. 

Project Supervisor:

Ao. Univ.-Prof. Dr. Martin Stowasser

 

 

Mission and Caritas

The expansion of early Christianity happened rapidly already during New Testament Times and is commonly summarised under the term mission. What exactly is meant by the term mission though usually remains as vague as the perception of the factors that played a role in it. The research question aims at reifying the term mission for New Testament times and wants to examine the special connection between the social aspect and the expansion of early Christianity. A special role in those matters falls to the Book of Acts by Luke. 

Project Supervisors:

Ao. Univ.-Prof. Dr. Martin Stowasser

Mag. Cyprien Longayo-Pongombo

 

 

God in the Revelation of John

Central to the research project are the figure and role of God in the Revelation of John. First God´s self-statements have to be examined, then central images and motives, which are applied directly or indirectly to God.

In the image of God designed by the author many informations about the book´s cultural backgrounds are compressed like in a focal point, allowing to cast new light on numerus, exegetical controversially discussed specific aspects of the entire work and also its pragmatics. How many traits of God´s image for example have a jewish-Old-Testament background, which rather show parallels to roman-hellenistic deities? How extensive have traditions been integrated or in what way changed during the author´s designing of his image of God? At the same time the analysis of this central figure of the work allows to better comprehend the intention behind the writing of the Revelation of John. Can the up till now dominant thesis of radical polemics against the Roman Empire and its deities as the sole determining factor remain kept up? Should only harassed christians in Asia Minor at the end of the 1th century AD be immunized and strengthened in their faith or does the integration of characteristics of pagan deities into the image of God also owe to a propagandistically recruiting intention?

From the theological point of view the question of God´s being God arises. Because of the transfer of nearly all godly attributes to Christ or the lamb is not only the relation of christology and theology in the last book of the christian Bible up to debate but appears also the problem of monotheism. Does an explanatory modell called „christological monotheism“ grasp the result satisfyingly? Where does the author fixate God´s proprium?

The Revelation of John has resulted in an impressive, diverse historical influence. The research project aims at a closer examination of a part of it by taking the reception in the german-language literature of the 20th and 21th century into account.

Project Supervisor:

Ao. Univ.-Prof. Dr. Martin Stowasser

"Gottes-Rede" in the Gospel of John

Dr. Veronika Burz-Tropper
FWF-Projekt T627
Hertha-Firnberg-Projekt

The main research questions will be: What does the Gospel of John say about God? This means: What does Jesus as “the only one who is God” say about God in the Gospel of John? Which images, motifs and tradition can be depicted? Which general aspects can be summarized in a synthetic approach analyzing (ho) theos in the Gospel of John? "Gottes-Rede" – that is Theo-logy in the strict sense of the word – has come less into view in New Testament scholarship compared to Christology, ecclesiology and pneumatology, soteriology and eschatology. The proposed project will focus on the Fourth Gospel as an example for a specific New Testament document and its statements on God.

For this purpose the Gospel’s present final form will be analyzed. The last verse of the Prologue (John 1:1-18) explicitly reveals Jesus as the exegete of the Father: “No one has ever seen God, (the) only one who is God, who is in the bosom of the Father, he reported/interpreted/revealed.” Assuming that the prologue functions as opening of the Gospel and therefore decidedly gives a reading guide, the words of Jesus concerning God ought to be examined, since they work on an intratextual level.

My thesis builds upon the assumption that John as well as the Johannine school very much present the God of the Old Testament as Jesus’ God, even though direct quotations of Old Testament texts are missing. Thus, John and the Johannine school depend to a large extent on the OT as a hypotext, perhaps even more than the Synoptics. Alongside with the OT as a hypotext, contemporary early Jewish, esp. Hellenistic, literature has to be taken into account, since images that can be found in those texts almost certainly might have influenced the editor/s of the Gospel of John.

Considering the most important images in the Gospel surely the I-am-statements are to be analyzed taking into account the assertions in 10:30 and 14:6b, 7, 9, which both depend on 1:18, these I-am-statements also need to be discussed, especially on their attitude towards the nature of God. Particularly, the origins of the images and metaphors of the seven classical I-am-statements shall be considered and what they reveal about God in John’sGospel. Furthermore, the most frequently used image of God in the Gospel of John, namely the image of God as father will be taken into account using also here the motif- and tradition- history.

A few special sayings about God will shade further light on the Johannine characterization of God (3:33; 4:24; 12:28).

This comprehensive study of relevant passages, images and metaphors should result in afull and synthetic view of “Gottes-Rede” in the Gospel of John. 

Duration: 23.06.2014-22.09.2021 (11.01.2015-04.09.2016 aufgrund von Elternkarenz unterbrochen)

 

 

 

Research Projects Old Testament Studies

The Saved Saviour: Exo 1-2 in Patristic and Rabbinic Interpretation

Dr. Agnethe Siquans
(FWF-Einzelprojekt P 28441-G24)
Duration: 01.03.2016-28.02.2019

The project will deal with patristic and rabbinic interpretations of Exo 1-2, the narrative of the birth, youth, and twofold salvation of Moses (Exo 2:1-22), and the events immediately bringing forth this situation (Exo 1). The book of Exodus is the foundation narrative of both Jews and Christians. Thus its interpretation was important for the discussion over Jewish and Christian identity in the first centuries of the Common Era. Exo 1-2 are the opening chapters of the whole Exodus story and therefore important for the introduction of Moses, who is the book’s central character as the saviour of God’speople.

Biblical interpretation was made a strong marker of Christian and Jewish self-definition, alongside other factors, such as religious practice, circumcision etc. This discourse over the Bible led to dialogue on the one hand and sometimes acrid polemics on the other hand. Traces thereof can be found in patristic and rabbinic biblical interpretation.

The project will focus on three main texts, which are the most elaborate rabbinic and patristic interpretations of Exodus 1-2: the Midrash Tanhuma, tractate Sota 11a-13a, the Mekhilta, Origen’sfirst two homilies on the Book of Exodus and Ephrem the Syrian’s Exodus commentary.
First, the texts will be analysed according to their specific interpretations of Exo 1-2. This examination will be guided by the following topics, which are important for the biblical text as well as for its interpretations: empowerment and disempowerment, structures of power and gender, defining identity and otherness, metaphorical interpretation and its implications, space and time as structuring elements.The second step is the exploration of the texts’ social, cultural, and religious contexts. After that, acareful comparative evaluation shall be attempted. As a last step, hypothetical considerations on possible dependencies can be made.

The primary aim of the project is to evaluate the different texts in their respective contexts and then compare them. The specific interpretations will be related to the respective hermeneutical as well asthe authors’ socio-cultural and theological background. The focus will be on the different interpretations of certain topics of the biblical text.

The project will contribute to a more complete image of early Jewish and Christian Bible interpretation as well as Christian-Jewish relations in the first centuries, which were the foundation for later positive and negative developments of this relationship.

God's Questions: Ambivalence in Irony in Job 38:1-42:6

Dr. Tobias Häner
(FWF Projekt M 2395 - G 24)
Duration: 01.08.2018 – 31.07.2020

God's extensive speeches in the final part of the Book of Job (38:1–39:30 and 40:6–41:26) consist to large parts of rhetorical questions and challenges, which convey an ironic tone. The describtions of the wild animals (or beasts) that dominate both speeches feature a high degree of ambiguity.

The aim of my study is to uncover the pragmatic function of the ambiguities and ironies in Job 38:1–42:6. By this, I want to demonstrate the importance of the rhetorical dimension of God's speeches. Only by basing the textual analysis on the rhetorical impact on the reader, it is possible the understand in which way YHWH's final speeches truly are an answer to Job.